The Asian tiger (Aedes albopictus) and the yellow fever mosquito (Aedes Aegypti) are the most aggressive mosquitoes in Florida. Both mosquitoes originated in other countries, making their way to the United States through human migration and the global economy. The single most dangerous trait they both possess is being active and seeking nourishment during daytime hours, which certainly allows them a better opportunity to feast on humans.
Additionally, both mosquito breeds are highly efficient container breeders. Often laying eggs for successful growth in small amounts of standing water found in drainage ditches, spare tires, flower pots and other backyard items. This penchant for finding water sources wherever they can make them thrive in urban areas where there are more people, adding to their success as disease spreading vectors. The Asian tiger and yellow fever mosquitoes are especially sensitive to our vigilance in following the T’s of mosquito control, so make sure you keep containers clean and dry.
Yellow Fever Mosquito
The Aedes Aegypti or yellow fever mosquito has made the news in the last year for its active role in the spread of Zika virus. Arriving on the shores of the United States from Africa hundreds of years ago, it is believed to have been brought to the U.S. on ships during exploration and colonization. It garnered its nickname due to its notorious status as the primary vector of yellow fever. Yellow fever is prevalent in South America and Africa but can arise in mild climates during the summer. The yellow fever mosquito also transmits dengue, chikungunya and other dangerous diseases.
Until the invasion of the Asian tiger mosquito in 1985, the yellow fever mosquito was common in Florida. With the arrival of the Asian tiger, yellow fever mosquito populations have been on a steady decline; this is thought to be due to the Asian tiger’s faster development during the larvae phase of life, out-competing the yellow fever larvae for food.
Asian Tiger Mosquito
The first discovery of the Aedes Albopictus or Asian tiger mosquito in Florida was right here in Jacksonville in 1986. First discovered in Texas a year earlier, Asian tigers are thought to have come from the Far East in shipments of tires. The species has spread rapidly since its arrival, including all 67 counties in Florida and right on up the east coast of the United States.
The Asian tiger garnered its common nickname due to the easily recognizable black and silver scales on as well as the white stripe down the center of its dorsal. The Asian tiger is known to carry and spread Easter equine encephalitis and dengue fever, but because they feed on animals as well as humans they are less likely to spread diseases such as Chikungunya and Zika virus. The Asian tiger is known to be an aggressive, opportunistic biter; you’ll not shoo them away easily.
The same year round warmth that drew most of us to live here in the Jacksonville and Ponte Vedra Beach area is the same weather that allows these dangerous mosquitoes to thrive. Just like hurricanes and alligators, all of the things that non-Floridians may find alarming can avoided with proper precautions so that life in Florida truly is paradise. Call Mosquito Squad of Greater Jacksonville and Ponte Vedra today. 904-559-3414 We’ll provide season-long mosquito control for your home so you can enjoy your days and nights without the annoying buzzing and biting of aggressive, dangerous mosquitoes.
Important mosquito sources:
Asian Tiger Mosquito: University of Florida Entomology
Yellow Fever Mosquito: University of Florida Entomology